Pets make great companions, offering tons of affection, endless loyalty and loads of fun. Sadly, not everyone can own one of these furry friends without dealing with some adverse consequences. Fortunately, a St Louis, MO allergist has therapy options that could help those who suffer with animal allergies to live peacefully with their canines.
Allergies are adverse reactions by one’s immune system to a particular stimulus. Individuals with this condition may experience a variety of symptoms such as sniffling, sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, nasal congestion, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, itchy or watery eyes, or skin rashes. These issues could manifest so intensely that simply being in a home with animals is unbearable.
What most people do not realize is that they are not actually allergic to the animal, but to certain proteins found in their dander, saliva, skin and urine. When pets go outside, their fur collects allergens like mold spores, pollen and other substances. These products can trigger asthma and immune responses.
Many people try to circumvent these symptoms by adopting dogs that are thought to be hypoallergenic. In actuality, there is no such thing as a completely allergen free breed as they all produce a little dander. Some generate lower amounts of the irritating proteins, but if they are allowed outside, they can still bring in the substances that trigger reactions.
Doctors who practice in the field of immunology, focusing on allergies, can determine exactly what a person is reacting too and formulate an approach to counteract it. Skin and blood tests may be conducted in order to detect allergen-specific immunoglobulin E. These results will afford them a better understanding how the individual’s issues would best be alleviated or controlled.
The doctor may opt to prescribe antihistamines, nasal sprays, bronchodialators, or decongestants as a way to combat the allergic reactions. In more severe situations, they might provide immunotherapy shots to suppress one’s symptoms. Avoiding animals or keeping them off the furniture and out of the bedroom, limiting their outside time and increasing grooming frequency, and vacuuming often may help minimize a person’s exposure to the allergens.